The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint, held together by numerous muscles, ligaments and tendons. It is an incredibly mobile joint, able to move in many different directions. This also makes the shoulder very susceptible to injury.
Shoulder pain may begin in any of the structures in and around the shoulder. These include muscles and nerves as well as spinal vertebrae and the cushioning disks of the neck. Shoulder pain may also come from regions near the neck, the upper back, elbow, upper arms and wrist or hand.
Common causes of shoulder problems:
- Poor posture/spinal alignment (ie rounded shoulders)
- Prolonged sitting and inactivity
- Repetitive movements
- Sporting injuries and / or trauma
- Over-use / repetitive strain injuries
- Poor Sleeping Positions
Swiss DolorClast® method treatment may provide relief where other therapies have failed and should be considered as a viable non-surgical solution. For more than 20 years, advanced shockwave therapy is used by many elite athletes and top football clubs as well as at the Olympics, World Cup Rugby and Soccer; as well as both the ATP and PGA tour events to help them perform at their peak and recover faster from (shoulder / elbow / heel) pain.
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Calcific tendonitis is a disorder characterised by deposits of hydroxyapatite (a crystalline calcium phosphate) in any tendon of the body, but most commonly in the tendons of the rotator cuff (shoulder), causing pain and inflammation. Pain is often aggravated by elevation of the arm above shoulder level or by lying on the shoulder. Other complaints may be stiffness, snapping, catching, or weakness of the shoulder.
Adhesive Capsulitis (Frozen Shoulder)
“Frozen shoulder” which is the layman term shoulder pain and complaints may be stiffness, snapping, catching, or weakness of the shoulder. Actual Frozen shoulder is an incredible lack of motion and inability to move and use the arm. In reality the true condition is much more severe and the recovery period may be up to 2 years if left untreated, with treatment the time may be reduced.
Rotator Cuff Tendonitis
There may be intermittent pain or discomfort when there is inflammation from a partial tear in the tendon of the a rotator cuff tendon or results from the repetitive tendon pinching between the bones of the shoulder joint when raising the arm overhead. The tendonitis results in pain and weakness with loss of shoulder range of motion.
Also called painful arc syndrome, is a clinical syndrome which occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles become irritated and inflamed as they pass through the subacromial space, the passage beneath the acromion bone. The pinched tendon starts to fray, and may result in an eventual tear if treatment is not started soon. This can result in pain, weakness and loss of movement at the shoulder.
Biceps tendonitis is inflammation of the long head of the biceps tendon. Longhead of biceps tendonitis is an inflammation or irritation of the upper biceps tendon. This strong, cord-like structure connects the upper end of the biceps muscle to the bones in the shoulder. Pain in the front of the shoulder and weakness are common symptoms of biceps tendonitis.
Minor Osteophytes at Shoulder
Bone spurs also called osteophytes — are benign, bony bumps that usually form on the joints surface & margins due to excessive wear, on the shoulder, the joints that may be affecting movement include: glenohumeral, acromio-clavicular and sterno-clavicular joints.
Shoulder Pain from Trigger Points
Trigger points are isolated focal points located in a taut band of skeletal muscle. When touched, these trigger point produce pain that may be felt in a location far from the actual point. Trigger point pain often accompanies chronic musculoskeletal disorders or mimic more serious conditions for example trigger points in the neck should or back muscles like may mimic an shoulder problem because the elbow falls within the referred pain pattern, scalenii, infraspinatus, latssimus dorsi.